Materials and Chemicals is an interdisciplinary heavy industry sector. Materials industry applies the properties of matter to various areas of science and engineering. It incorporates elements of applied physics and chemistry. Significant attention in the Materials field is currently focused on nanoscience and nanotechnology. Chemicals are a broad chemical category including polymers, bulk petrochemicals and intermediates, other derivatives and basic industrials, and more
A category of stocks that accounts for companies involved with the discovery, development and processing of raw materials. The basic materials sector includes the mining and refining of metals, chemical producers and forestry products.
The chemical industry creates an immense variety of products which impinge on virtually every aspect of our lives.
Forest products represent a variety of cellulosic (wood-based) materials harvested from forests, and include paper, wood pulp, lumber, sawmill products, forest-derived mill-work products, and livestock feed. Generally speaking, forest products and paper are all derived from wood or woody plant matter.
These purposes include wood’s raw material of wood pulp, which is used in the production of paper, as well as wood as a finished structural material used in the construction of buildings. Other products that are non-wood, but still derived from forest resources, are referred to as non-timber forest products. Remaining waste mass from saw mills and other forest product industry facilities have applications in power generation and biofuels or renewable fuels production. Wood-based or forest products continue to be in major demand from both developed economies and developing nations, with sustainable industry practices for harvesting forest products a significant area of business development. Read more...
Plastics are manufactured from a wide range of synthetic organic solids to fabricate industrial and consumer products. Plastics are commonly high molecular weight polymers with performance or structural additives that improve the material quality or reduce the production costs for the plastic. Plastic monomers can be either synthetic or natural organic compounds.
The raw materials needed to create most plastics are derived from fossil fuels, petroleum or oil and natural gas namely, and are consequently known as petrochemicals. Renewable sources of raw materials and feed stocks for plastics production has been explored with bio renewable sources such as cellulose, starches, and oils, particularly algal oils. Read more...